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  • Mathematical Olympiad - An Introduction

    The Mathematical Olympiad Programme in India leading to participation in International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) is organised by the National Board of Higher Mathematics (NBHS) of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Government of India and Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education (HBCSE), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). The IMO is a prestigious annual contest for students below 20 years who have yrt to commence their undergraduate education. IMO contests have been held since 1959 annually in different countries. Participation at the IMO Is open to all countries throughout the world. India has been participating at the IMO since 1989. There are more than 80 participating countries besides India. They include China, USA, UK, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Australia, Iran, Israel, Indonesia, Russia and most of East European countries. Every year candidates from the participating countries are awarded, besides honour and recognition of merit, gold/ silver/ bronze medals according to their performance at the IMO.


    Realising the importance and utility of Mathematics in areas of of Science and Technology and successful participation of India, it was decided to organize National Talent Search Test (NTST) in mathematics pick up young mathematical talents from all over India and train the extraordinary among them for the IMO contest every year. For this purpose the Govt. Of India constituted a board named National Board of Higher Mathematics (NBHM) in the Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India. The NBHM selects and trains the members of the Indian team for the IMO at its own expenses.


    The IMO team is selected in India on the basis of Two-Tier Evaluation and Month-long-training. At the first instance Regional Mathematical Olympiad (RMO) is held on the first Sunday of December every year all over the country in various regions. Top thirty students of each region are selected and five girl students are also selected from each region, apart from the existing quota of 30 students by the Regional coordinator of that region for participating in the INMO, to be held this year on the 3rd Sunday of January. NHBM evaluates the merit of these Indian National Mathematical Olympiad (INMO) participants and selects the topmost 30-35 students among them. Thereafter, a camp is organized for training these selected participants usually at the Home Bhabha Centre for Science Education, Mumbai, Two batches of INMO Awardees (one fresh and other a part of the previous year batch) attend this camp. Thus, each awardees gets two chances to attend the camp for two successive years.


    The South Bihar region covers all the districts of Bihar south of river Ganges. The students of both the North Bihar Region and the South Bihar region may appear from either of the two regions for their convenience.


    Prizes and merit certificates are distributed on INMO-Exam day after the exam is over in which physical presence of each awardees is a must. In recognition of achievements and appreciation of their talent in Mathematics at RMO contest, the BMS ever year awards merit certificates to all RMO winners of South Bihar Region and gold, silver and bronze medals and cash prizes to Top 3 (three) winners. INMO awarded choosing mathematics for their under graduate degree course are provided wuth monthly scholarship instead of annual cash prize by NBHM.


    Students of class IX, X, XI, are eligible to appear at RMO and INMO tests. The students of class VIII are also permitted to appear at RMO test on the description of the Regional Coordinator. Finally, first thirty successful participants will be termed RMO-winners.


    RMO winners will be paid TA/CA at the following rates when they come to appear at the INMO Exam. 1. T.A. for Non-locals @ 2nd Class Railways fare or Bus fare, through the shortest route, from the place of residence to Bhagalpur and back with reservation charges. 2. C.A. for local candidates fixed Rs. 100/-


    Date of RMO is fixed on Last Sunday, of December. Duration of Exam is 3 hours (1:00pm to 4:00pm).


    The syllabus for Mathematical Olympiads (Regional, National and International) is pre-degree college mathematics. The ares covered eqations and expression and expressions, arithmeticof intergers, geometry, quadratic equations and expressions, trigonometry, coordinate geometry, system of linear eqations, permutations and combinations, factorisation of polynomials, inequalities, elementry combinatorics, probability theory and number theory, finite series, complex numbers and elementary graph theory. The syllabus does not include calculus and statistics. The major areas from which problems are given are number theory, geomatry, algebra and combinatorics. The syllabus is in a sense spread over class IX to class XI levels but the problems under each topic are of exceptionally high level in difficulty and sophistication. The difficulty level increases from RMO to INMO to IMO. A good idea of what is expected of students in Mathematical Olympiads can be had from the books with serial Nos 1,2,3,4 in the list of useful books for Mathematical Olympiad at the end. The questions will not be of routine type normally asked in Board Examination. The clear understandings of the concepts and high degree of resoucefulness in solving problems is required, especially at the final stage of the contest (i.e. at IMO). For sake of convenience few question papers of RMO and INMO are given at the end of this prospectus.


    Application form duly filled in along with attested passport size photographs are forwarded by the head of the institution. The Date will be announced later on


    Results of top thirty scorers and five extra girl scorers of RMO will be communicated to the students by the convener-cum-Executive Joint Secretary of BMS, College of Commerce, Arts and Science by the last week of December every year. These successful candidates termed RMO- winners will be entitled to sit at the INMO contest which will be held on the 3rd Sunday of january. If any candidate wishes to know the marks obtained by him at RMO, he/she must enclose a self addressed postcard with the answer book at the time of examination.